Epitaph – Clay Henry Cooper

via Epitaph

From Eli Allen.:

“We think of cemeteries being conveniently located open spaces. Places where passers-by would contemplate their mortality and family members would commune with those gone before, but the places and how we travel has changed much in the last century. Folks once navigated the ridge lines instead of the valley floors, and there they buried their dead. Shawnee State Forest has many of these burial grounds. Here they were placed not because it was unfarmable waste ground because hillsides and tops were farmed as well, but because the ridges were free of flooding and were the highways of their time. Here is the Clay Henry Cooper burial ground, high above the valley in Shawnee State Forest. “


Clay Henry Cooper (1858 – 1913)

Behold ye stranger

As you pass me by

As you are now

So once was I

As I am now

So you must be

Prepare for death and

Follow me.

Thus reads the epitaph of Clay Henry Cooper of Upper Twin Creek whose memorial obelisk and grave is located on the ridge top, high above the old Cooper homestead.

When Clay Henry died in 1913, he was buried according to his wishes. Buried in a pine box with his “squirrel riffle,” Cooper’s death, according to popular telling, would lead to another round of conflict on Upper Twin, one that pitted the younger Cooper brothers against the older Cooper brothers. His burial became the opening scene of a feature-length article in the Cincinnati Enquirer, which published “The Coopers of Twin Creek: The Story of a Hill Feud in Ohio in 1929.” Written by Wilmer G. Mason and subtitled, “A Page Plucked Out of History, ’20 Miles and 100 Years From Portsmouth,’” the Enquirer’s article played upon popular stereotypes of Appalachia as “relic culture,” and described Clay as the “King of the Cooper Clan” and the Twin Creek region as “the place where hill history still lives and breathes and hates.”

Clay Cooper died of natural causes, not from a gunshot or knife wound, as would a number of his neighbors, relatives, and children.  That’s not to say he didn’t have his own stories of moonshine and near brushes with death.  In July 1897, the Cincinnati Enquirer reported on a fight between Clay Cooper, Thomas and J.R. McGraw and William and Thomas Lewis.  “Rocks, clubs, knives and a rifle were all used. All were more or less hurt. Tom McGraw placed a rifle against H. Clay Cooper’s head and pulled the trigger. Luckily the cap failed to explode. Warrants have been sworn out for the arrest of the two McGraws and the two Lewises, who have all taken to the woods.”

Clay Henry Cooper died before Prohibition was enacted throughout Ohio and the rest of the nation. The conflict, violence, and death that followed his ridge-top burial had more to do with the intrusion of the state’s law enforcement powers and expanded efforts to crack down on illegalities.  Prohibition in Ohio coincided with the creation of the Shawnee State Forest, which came to include large tracts of land in the watersheds of Lower and Upper Twin Creeks. As the old hillside stone quarries that had once provided work closed after the turn of the century and the ridges had been largely stripped of timber for the manufacture of railroad ties and other timber products, tax delinquencies grew and the state moved to add these so-called “unwanted lands” to their new state forest lands. Thus, in addition to new local, state, and federal prohibition related law enforcement efforts, the introduction of State Forest Rangers, with an eye for moonshine operations on state land, added to the increased presence of state power in the region.

When Clay Henry Cooper died in 1913 the old ridge-top roads were still commonly used by residents of the area.  The all-weather forest roads constructed by the Civilian Conservation Corps and the WPA in the 1930s had yet to open up the region to the automobile and the location of Cooper’s memorial obelisk would have been known by everyone on the creek.  It marked the ridge road address of the Cooper homestead on Upper Twin, and its message to the passing stranger would have reminded many that life is short and that we will all one day follow Clay Henry Cooper in death.

On the 26th of January, 2018, Brian Richards, a longtime resident of Twin Creek, led an outing to locate Cooper’s grave and document the site for inclusion in the Ohio Historic Inventory (OHI). Richards, whose Elliot family tree traces back to one of the earliest settler families on the creek, first stumbled upon the obelisk back in the early 1970s.  He memorized the epitaph and would recall it near verbatim some forty years later when we struggled to read the original carved sandstone memorial.

Derrick Parker, an Ohio History Service Corps (AmeriCorps) Community Surveyor, accompanied Andrew Feight, the local site supervisor for the OHI Survey. The Cooper Memorial Obelisk and its associated history will be entered into the inventory, which is maintained by the State Historic Preservation Office (SHPO) at the Ohio History Connection.

Eli Allen, the President of the Scioto County Genealogical Society, joined the outing to Cooper’s Obelisk in hopes of adding the site to the Society’s records of lost and forgotten cemeteries. Allen brought along his 360-degree camera and uploaded an image of the historic site to Google Maps and Streetview.


Halloween was more than Ghosts & Goblins in Greenfield! Recapping the October 31st Old Burying Ground work session

John King and Scott Andersen were undaunted by the threat of rain on the last day of October, 2018 to proceed and conduct a work session where over a dozen gravestones were repaired and restored by them. 

Below are ‘sneak peek’ photos which illustrate the type of  preservation work that John and Scott, and other volunteers from the Greenfield Historical Society, have undertaken throughout their 5-year total restoration project of Greenfield Ohio’s earliest burial ground.  

The historic cemetery is adjacent to the historic Travellers Rest. 


Above composite photo courtesy of the 

Greenfield Historical Society

October 31, 2018 work session

Old Burying Ground – Greenfield


From the Greenfield Historical Society’s web page

for the October 31, 2018 “OBG” work session:

“Volunteer Session – October 31, 2018”

“Halloween turned out to be another productive morning at the OBG. Although it looked like rain would drown us out, we managed to work on over a dozen stones before quitting just minutes before rains came. 

Scott Andersen and John King leveled and straightened tombstones and planned for the next area to address in the cemetery. Venus Andersen stopped by to offer encouragement and bring us soft drinks. This might have been the last session for the year, but maybe with a break in weather later in November or December we might be able to do some more work in 2018. This was probably one of the more productive years at the cemetery! 

Many thanks to ALL the volunteers who help throughout the years making this a very successful project.”

Old Burying Ground Restoration Project  

Photos below from the June 9th, 2018

Old Burying Ground Work Session:

Above – Left to Right:  

John King, Jackie Doles, 

and Michael Lee Anderson

June 9, 2018

Photo belong is a scene from

the June 9, 2018 work session

Check out the Past Events Page

for “OBG Preservation” to

view the Recaps and photos 

of each of the work sessions

at the Old Burying Ground

since 2014! 

Be sure and check out!:

The Old Burying Ground in Greenfield

on “Find A Grave”


25 new memorials have been added

by Scott Andersen in the last 30 days

at the Old Burying Ground

many with grave marker photos!

Total burials at the “OBG” on “Find A Grave”

now at 801!!!   

Sharing a wonderful video about historic Central Ohio Cemeteries

Sharing this video from OSU Public Media produced by “Columbus Neighborhoods” about Central Ohio Cemeteries.

Below are links to the “Find A Grave” pages for the cemeteries that are featured in this documentary.:

Pickaway County, Ohio:

Harrison Township Cholera Cemetery on Find A Grave

Columbus, Franklin County, Ohio:

Franklinton Cemetery on Find A Grave

Green Lawn Cemetery on Find A Grave

Green Lawn Abbey Mausoleum on Find A Grave

Eastlawn Cemetery on Find A Grave

Hillard, Franklin County, Ohio:

Wesley Chapel Cemetery, Hillard, Franklin County, Ohio

Let’s keep the word “health” in Pre-Existing HEALTH Conditions!

Let’s think about Pre-existing HEALTH conditions!  Have you noticed lately many in the media and TV say or write:  “pre-existing conditions”?  I guess it is supposed to be silently understood that the word  “health” is implied in that statement; making it less important to actually keep the word “health” whenever references are made to this subject.  Let’s not leave it to individual interpretation if it is there or not; or if it is important to state it or not.

Like what has happened after the PPACA – Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act — the title/name  of  the program started to be more commonly known as the “ACA” — the change was to shorten it and make it easier to remember I suppose. It was also done to counter the fact that Republicans quite sarcastically called this 2010 law “Obamacare” — naming it after President Obama but with a negative stance about it; (which reminds me of a retina specialist I saw back in 2010 when I told him I had no health care insurance, and that I was waiting on the Ohio High Risk Pool to kick in for me to apply a few months later.  At the time, the high risk pools were called “the bridge to 2014” when the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act plans in the Marketplace Exchanges would be available for everyone (not only children); and the retina specialist said with a smirk “oh you mean Obamacare?” and the tone of his voice told me he thought it was laughable;  and I just answered him “yes”.)

In reality “Obamacare” does not exist as it is not the official name of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.  I feel the words “Patient Protection” are also quite important to keep and repeat because we seem to have lost sight of their being a huge part of the reason the law was enacted.  Protections that include from being denied health insurance altogether due to having pre-existing HEALTH conditions.

No one in Congress, nor the President or anyone in his administration, nor anyone sitting on the Supreme Court bench; nor their families, are having to go without health insurance due to having pre-existing health conditions.  So, it is not fair or just that any American citizen should have to be without health insurance due to having pre-existing health conditions in our  21st Century America.  I have the rejection letters from 2010 from four different health insurance companies to prove that it did happen before the Patient Protection and Affordable Care became law.

Furthermore, a person didn’t need to have a major life-threatening illness to be rejected for health insurance coverage either.  So, why are we shortening “pre-existing health conditions” to only “pre-existing conditions”?  Is it like we shortened the PPACA to ACA to make it easier to remember?  Or perhaps to take the main focus off of the meaning of the word “health“?  Only saying or writing “Pre-Existing Conditions”, unintentionally or otherwise, leaves out the important word “HEALTH“!

Health conditions that exist when a person tries to enroll in health insurance plans are what these insurance companies haven’t forgotten about, and certainly won’t if they are once again allowed to reject people for obtaining any health insurance coverage or charge them ridiculously high monthly premiums in order to cover those pre-existing health conditions.  The answers to the questions on the insurer’s enrollment forms are meant to reveal a full range of health conditions and they do.  The health insurance companies take note of them, tally them up, and deem the potential enrollee either acceptable for enrollment; or brand the person as being uninsurable and the rejection letter is generated and sent out.  If a potential enrollee tries to conceal having pre-existing health conditions on their enrollment form, they will be found out and prosecuted for committing fraud.  Disclosure is on the last page of the normally 8 to 12 page enrollment form before the potential enrollee’s signature line.

We are not “making America great again” whatsoever by allowing health insurance companies to go back to the days when having pre-existing health conditions were used as a reason to reject potential enrollees from access to having health insurance and branded them being “uninsurable”.   Now, isn’t that an undeniably deplorable practice on the part of health insurance companies?~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Sharing a link published online on November 5, 2018 to an abbreviated version of my post here that appears on Cleveland.com. 

Old Burying Ground in Greenfield volunteer work session coming up! – Reminder: Wednesday, October 3, 2018 – beginning at 8:30a.m.

If you missed joining the volunteers at the Old Burying Ground for the work session of September 30, 2018, this is a reminder that another one is scheduled for Wednesday, October 3rd starting at 8:30a.m.
Always check the calendar on the Greenfield Historical Society’s website for upcoming events which include the “OBG” – Old Burying Ground work sessions!

To keep up to date with the latest progress made by the all-volunteer group who has been working for five years to restore the Old Burying Ground in Greenfield just click on the Past Events Section on the “A Look Back” tab found on the Greenfield Historical Society’s website.  

Next, take note of the “Tombstone Repair” and the dates of each of their work sessions thus far.  

Click on each of them to see the photographs and a recap of the type of work conducted during each of the work sessions.  

The Greenfield Historical Society volunteers are a well organized group of caring people who are well trained with cleaning, repairing, and resetting grave markers from the smallest to the largest; including the more difficult ones like the “Box Tombs” shown below.  

Spotlighting the Brecksville Cemetery in Brecksville, Cuyahoga County, Ohio

Below are some photographs taken during the September 23, 2018 tour of the Brecksville Cemetery 

The tour was almost two hours and it was quite well presented with the theme of “Headstones, Heroes, History, and Horticulture” — so the attendees, who also received a brochure about the cemetery, were treated to a guided study of these elements of this historic Northeast Ohio cemetery.  


Click Here for the Brecksville Cemetery Tour Booklet posted online by the Brecksville Historical Association.